Basic features:-

1.It is 16 bit processor. So that it has 16 bit ALU, 16 bit registers and internal data bus and 16 bit external data bus. It make s faster processing.

2.It has three version based on the frequency of operation:
a)8086 -> 5MHz
b)8086-2 ->8MHz
c)8086-1 ->10 MHz

3.8086 has 20 bit address lines to access memory. Hence it can access 
                  2^20 = 1 MB memory location.

4.8086 has 16-bit address lines to access I/O devices, hence it can access
                  2^16 = 64K I/O location

5.Pipelining:-8086 uses two stage of pipelining. First is Fetch Stage and the second is Execute Stage.

Fetch stage that prefetch upto 6 bytes of instructions stores them in the queue.
Execute stage that executes these instructions.
Pipelining improves the performance of the processor so that operation is faster.

6.Operates in two modes:-8086 operates in two modes:
a)Minimum Mode: A system with only one microprocessor.
b)Maximum Mode:-A system with multiprocessor.

7.8086 uses memory banks:-The 8086 uses a memory banking system. It means entire data is not stored sequentially in a single memory of 1 MB but memory is divided into two banks of 512KB.

8.Interrupts:-8086 has 256 vectored interrupts.

9.Multiplication And Division:-8086 has a powerful innstrction set. So that it supports Multiply and Divide operation.

{ 24 comments... read them below or Comment }

  1. I really enjoyed the article. It proved to be very helpful to me and I am sure to all the commenters here! It's always nice when you can not only be informed, but also entertained! I'm sure you had fun writing this article.I have boon looking everywhere to find the information bout this you know.

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  2. gr8 stuff to brief a processor.

  3. Thank u very much

    its very nice and ease

  4. nice article i never see like this post thank you so much.....

  5. Replies
    1. This comment has been removed by the author.

  6. thanks 2 give a very true information about the features of 8086 mp.

  7. it was really helpfull.....good work!!

  8. Thanks very easy to elaborate

  9. Thanks very easy memorize it's points



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